The Role and Impact of Operating Theatre Background Music on Users and Patients: Opinion of Theatre Staff

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

  •   Rex Friday Ogoronte A. Ijah

  •   Solomon N. Elenwo

  •   Joy O. Dayi

  •   Friday E. Aaron

  •   Rose E. Oko-Jaja

  •   Vitalis O. Ofuru

Abstract

Aim: To determine the opinion of operating theatre users on the role of operating theatre background music on theatre users and patients in tertiary health care facilities in Port Harcourt.


Background: The relationship between music and health has been described by researchers. Music has been used in several hospital settings with effects which some consider beneficial and others harmful.


Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among theatre users from March to June 2020 in two multispecialty tertiary healthcare facilities in Port Harcourt Nigeria. Using the convenience sampling method, data collected with pretested semi-structured questionnaires were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0.


Results: One hundred and twenty-one (82.9%) respondents asserted to knowledge of relationship between music and stress hormone. 97 (66.4%) agreed that music has positive effect on workers in the operating theatre. One hundred and seventeen (80.1%) respondents were of the opinion that background music in the operating theatre is not a distraction, while 22 (15.1%) respondents felt otherwise. One hundred and forty-four (98.8%) respondents agreed to usefulness of background music while at work. High proportion of respondents who lack knowledge of the relationship between stress hormone and music had no preference for operating theatre background music and the relationship was statistically significant (P<0.05).


Conclusion: Operating theatre background music is useful as opined by the majority of operating theatre staff, though its preference is low among those with less knowledge of the positive relationship between such music and stress hormones.


Keywords: Background music, healthcare facilities, Nigeria, operating theatre, tertiary Port Harcourt

References

E. Labbé, N. Schmidt, J. Babin and M. Pharr, " Coping with stress: the effectiveness of different types of music," Applied psychophysiology and biofeedback, 32(3): 163-168, 2007.

R. McCraty, B. Barrios-Choplin, M. Atkinson and D. Tomasiono, "The effects of different types of music on mood, tension, and mental clarity," Alternative therapies in health and medicine, 4(1): 75-84, 1998.

Ferwerda, B., E. Yang, M. Schedl, and M. Talcic, M. "Personality traits predict music taxonomy preferences," Proceedings of the 33rd Annual ACM Conference Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems. 2015.

M. J. Delsing, T. F. Ter Bogt, R. C. Engels, and W. H. Meeus, "Adolescents' music preferences and personality characteristics," European Journal of Personality: Published for the European Association of Personality Psychology, 22(2): 109-130, 2008.

A. LeBlanc, W. L. Sims, C. Siivola, and M. Obert, "Music style preferences of different age listeners," Journal of Research in Music Education, 44(1): 49-59, 1966.

A. Bonneville-Roussy, P. J. Rentfrow, M. K. Xu, and J. A. Potter, "Music through the ages: Trends in musical engagement and preferences from adolescence through middle adulthood," Journal of personality and social psychology, 105(4): 703, 2013.

M. Minsky, "Music, mind, and meaning," Springer. 1-19, 1982.

R. Maconie, "The concept of music," Oxford University Press, 1993.

D. Matić, "A genetic algorithm for composing music," Yugoslav Journal of Operations Research, 20(1): 157-177, 2010.

C. M. Tomaino, "The role of music in the rehabilitation of persons with neurologic diseases: Gaining access to ‘lost memory’and preserved function through music therapy," Music Therapy Today, 2002.

S. B. Goldman, "James Baldwin's" Sonny's Blues": A Message in Music," Negro American Literature Forum. JSTOR, 1974.

V. Morley, K. Somdahl-Sands, "Music with a Message," aether, 58, 2011.

M. Bigliassi, "Use the brain: complementary methods to analyse the effects of motivational music," Frontiers in human neuroscience, 9, 508, 2015.

D. Cooke, "The language of music,", 1959.

P. N. Juslin, J.A. Sloboda, "Music and emotion: Theory and research," Oxford University Press, 2011.

J. A. Sloboda, P.N. Juslin, "Psychological perspectives on music and emotion," 2001.

P. G. Hunter, E.G. Schellenberg, "Music and emotion," in Music perception, Springer. 129-164, 2010.

W. F. Thompson, "Music, thought, and feeling: Understanding the psychology of music," Oxford university press, 2015.

T. Eerola, J.K. Vuoskoski, "A review of music and emotion studies: Approaches, emotion models, and stimuli," Music Perception: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 30(3): 307-340, 2013.

W. Apel, "The Harvard dictionary of music," Harvard University Press, 2003.

J. A. Lehmann, T. Seufert, "The influence of background music on learning in the light of different theoretical perspectives and the role of working memory capacity," Frontiers in psychology, 8: p. 1902, 2017.

S. Hallam, J. Price, and G. Katsarou, "The effects of background music on primary school pupils' task performance," Educational studies, 28(2): 111-122, 2002.

F. V. Garlin, K. Owen, "Setting the tone with the tune: A meta-analytic review of the effects of background music in retail settings," Journal of business research, 59(6): 755-764, 2006.

R. MacDonald, G. Kreutz, and L. Mitchell, "Music, health, and wellbeing," Oxford University Press, 2013.

I. N. Cabrera, M.H. Lee, "Reducing noise pollution in the hospital setting by establishing a department of sound: a survey of recent research on the effects of noise and music in health care," Preventive medicine, 30(4): 339-345, 2000.

L. O. Bonde, "Health Musicing-Music Therapy or Music and Health? A model, empirical examples and personal reflections," 2011.

G. Kreutz, C.Q. Murcia, and S. Bongard, "Psychoneuroendocrine research on music and health: an overview," Music, health, and wellbeing, 457-476, 2012.

J. Edwards, "A music and health perspective on music's perceived “goodness”." Nordic Journal of Music Therapy, 20(1): 90-101, 2011.

T. O. Iyendo, "Exploring the effect of sound and music on health in hospital settings: A narrative review," International journal of nursing studies, 63: 82-100, 2016.

C. Preti, G.F. Welch, "Music in a hospital setting: a multifaceted experience," British Journal of Music Education, 21(3): 329-345, 2004.

L. Avers, A. Mathur, and D. Kamat, "Music therapy in pediatrics," Clinical pediatrics, 46(7): 575-579, 2007.

J. W. Stouffer, B.J. Shirk, and R.C. Polomano, "Practice guidelines for music interventions with hospitalized pediatric patients," Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 22(6): 448-456, 2007.

J. Edwards, "Music therapy for children with severe burn injury," Music Therapy Perspectives, 16(1): 21-26, 1998.

M. M. Stanczyk, "Music therapy in supportive cancer care," Reports of Practical Oncology & Radiotherapy, 16(5): 170-172, 2011.

E. G. Waldon, "The effects of group music therapy on mood states and cohesiveness in adult oncology patients," Journal of Music Therapy, 38(3): 212-238, 2001.

J. Shuman, H. Kennedy, P. DeWitt, A. Edelblute, and M. Z. Wamboldt, "Group music therapy impacts mood states of adolescents in a psychiatric hospital setting," The Arts in Psychotherapy, 49: 50-56, 2016.

K. J. Reed, "Music therapy treatment croups for mentally disordered offenders (MDO) in a state hospital setting," Music Therapy Perspectives, 20(2): 98-104, 2002.

P. Laukka, "Uses of music and psychological well-being among the elderly," Journal of happiness studies, 8(2): 215, 2007.

D. A. Tansik, R. Routhieaux, "Customer stress‐relaxation: the impact of music in a hospital waiting room," International Journal of Service Industry Management, 1999.

G. Kipnis, N. Tabak, and S. Koton, "Background music playback in the preoperative setting: does it reduce the level of preoperative anxiety among candidates for elective surgery?" Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing, 31(3): 209-216, 2016.

H. L. Bonny, "Music Listening for lntensive Coronary Care Units: A Pilot Project," Music Therapy, 3(1): 4-16, 1983.

A. Horne-Thompson, D. Grocke, "The effect of music therapy on anxiety in patients who are terminally ill," Journal of palliative medicine, 11(4): 582-590, 2008.

J. Bradt, C. Dileo, "Music therapy for end‐of‐life care," Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 1:2010.

U. Nilsson, "The anxiety-and pain-reducing effects of music interventions: a systematic review,"AORN journal, 87(4): 780-807, 2008.

N. Reza, S. M. Ali, K. Saeed, A. Abul-Qasim, and T. H. Reza, "The impact of music on postoperative pain and anxiety following cesarean section," Middle East J Anesthesiol, 19(3): 573-586, 2007.

M. M. Tse, M. Chan, and I.F. Benzie, "The effect of music therapy on postoperative pain, heart rate, systolic blood pressure and analgesic use following nasal surgery," Journal of pain & palliative care pharmacotherapy, 19(3): 21-29, 2005.

B. J. Crowe, "Music Therapy and Physical Medicine—Expanding Opportunities for Employment," Music Therapy, 5(1): 44-51, 1985.

A. LeBlanc, Y. C. Jin, L. Stamou, and J. McCrary, "Effect of age, country, and gender on music listening preferences," Bulletin of the council for Research in Music Education, 72-76, 1999.

S. M. Weldon, T. Korkiakangas, J. Bezemer, and R. Kneebone, "Music and communication in the operating theatre," Journal of advanced nursing, 71(12): 2763-2774, 2015.

C. Hawksworth, A. Asbury, and K. Millar, "Music in theatre: not so harmonious: a survey of attitudes to music played in the operating theatre," Anaesthesia, 52(1): 79-83, 1977.

Y. Ullmann, L. Fodor, I. Schwarzberg, N. Carmi, A. Ullmann, and Y. Ramon, "The sounds of music in the operating room," Injury, 39(5): 592-597, 2008.

J. D. Katz, "Noise in the operating room," Anesthesiology: The Journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists, 121(4): 894-898, 2014.

V. S. S. N. Murthy, S. K. Malhotra, I. Bala, and M. Raghunathan, "Detrimental effects of noise on anaesthetists," Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, 42(7): 608, 1995.

B. Hodge, J. Thompson, "Noise pollution in the operating theatre," The Lancet, 335(8694): 891-894, 1990.

J. Makama, E. Ameh, and S. Eguma, "Music in the operating theatre: opinions of staff and patients of a Nigerian teaching hospital," African health sciences, 10(4), 2010.

M. Cooke, W. Chaboyer, P. Schluter, and M. Hiratos, "The effect of music on preoperative anxiety in day surgery," Journal of advanced nursing, 52(1): 47-55, 2005.

S. Koelsch, J. Fuermetz, U. Sack, K. Bauer, M. Hohenadel, M. Wiegelet, W. Heinke, "Effects of music listening on cortisol levels and propofol consumption during spinal anesthesia," Frontiers in psychology, 2, 58, 2011.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

How to Cite
Ijah, R. F. O. A., Elenwo, S. N., Dayi, J. O., Aaron, F. E., Oko-Jaja, R. E., & Ofuru, V. O. (2021). The Role and Impact of Operating Theatre Background Music on Users and Patients: Opinion of Theatre Staff. European Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2(5), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.24018/clinicmed.2021.2.5.19

Most read articles by the same author(s)