Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder (Nmosd): A Rare Report

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  •   Daniel Sundar Singh

  •   Shailaja Krishnamoorthy

  •   Divya Thirumaran

  •   Ektha Promoth Kumar

  •   Harshidha Dharmalingam

Abstract

Neuromyelitis Optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD), also known as Devic disease, is a chronic disorder of the brain and spinal cord dominated by inflammation of the optic nerve (optic neuritis) and inflammation of the spinal cord (myelitis). We present the case of a 25-year-old female patient who presented with complaints of lower back ache, decreased vision and double vision, generalized body pain, neck pain and vomiting. On examination, Extraocular Movement (EOM) showed right gaze restriction with nystagmus; her serum Neuromyelitis Optica (NMO) result was positive; and her MRI showed lesions in the brain. Insight of her presenting illness and investigations, she was successfully treated with IV steroids, plasmapheresis, and immunosuppressive therapy and was neurologically stable. We present this rare case to clinically enlighten the diagnosis and treatment of NMOSD.



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How to Cite
Sundar Singh, D., Krishnamoorthy, S., Thirumaran, D., Kumar, E. P., & Dharmalingam, H. (2022). Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder (Nmosd): A Rare Report. European Journal of Clinical Medicine, 3(4), 1–3. https://doi.org/10.24018/clinicmed.2022.3.4.219