Prevalence of Diabetes among Adults in Agbani South East, Nigeria: A Population Based Study


  •   Anthony J. Edeh

  •   Balantine U. Eze

  •   Samuel R. Ohayi

  •   Chijioke C. Anekpo

  •   Nkiruka N. Okoloagu

  •   Chukwuebuka C. Aliozo

  •   Clara N. Soronnadi


Despite the rising prevalence of diabetes mellitus in Nigeria, population based studies are scarce. This situation is worse in rural areas where the people are typically poor, not very educated and lack good hospitals. We aimed to determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus among rural dwellers in Agbani, a semi-urban municipality in South East Nigeria. This was a preliminary, observational, cross-sectional investigation in which 400 adults were recruited using the 5 autonomous communities that make up Agbani as clusters. We randomly selected the initial 80 consenting adults from each village. Blood glucose levels were measured using a glucometer. Data obtained were analyzed using SPSS. There were 382 adults studied. There were 170 males and 212 females. The mean age was 59.37 ±15.90 years. Mean Blood Sugar was 135.69±85.94 mg/dl. The prevalence rate for hyperglycemia in this study was 20.14% or 201 persons per 1,000 rural population. There was no statistical difference between the mean blood sugar of males and females and no significant correlation between age and blood sugar.

Keywords: Agbani-Nigeria, diabetes mellitus, population-based, prevalence


Ganong WF, Diabetes Mellitus in Review of Medical Physiology; 19th Edition, Lange Medical Books, McGraw-Hill, 1999; 324-329, 338-339.

Braunwald E, Hauser SL, Fauci AS, Longo DL, Jameson JL, Kasper DL. Glycemic Control and Complications of Diabetes Mellitus in Harrisons Principles of Internal Medicine 15th Edition. 2001; 2118-2119.

Sacks DB Implications of the Revised Criteria for Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus. Clinical Chemistry. 1997: 43(12): 2230-2232.

WHO. WHO definition, diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus and its complications, part 1. Geneva. 1999.

International Diabetes Federation. Diabetic atlas 8th ed. Brussels: International Diabetes Federation. 2017.

BR W. Colledge NR, Ralston SH, Penman ID. Oncology in: Davidson's Principles and Practice of Medicine. 22" edition, Churchil Livingstone. 2014.

Ndibuagu EO, Arinze-Onyia SU, Chime OH. Knowledge and attitude on diabetes mellitus among residents of a rural community in enugu state southeast, nigeria. International Research Journal of Medical Sciences. 2016; 4(1): 1-7.

Okenwa WO, Edeh AJ. Risk of Foot Complications in diabetes Mellitus; how much do the diabetes mellitus patients in Enugu know? J Exp Clin Ant. 2018; 17: 56-9.

Nyeiwe EA, Odia OJ, Ihekwaba AE, Ojule A, Babatunde S. Type 2 diabetes in adult Nigerians, a study of its prevalence and risk factors in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2003; 62(3): 177-185.

Puepet FH, Ohwovoriole AE, Prevalence of risk factors for diabetes mellitus in a non-diabetic population in Jos, Nigeria. Niger J. Med. 2003; 17(1): 71-74.

Sabir AA, Isezuo SA, Ohuworiole AE. Dysglycemia and its risk factors in an urban Fulani population of Northern Nigeria. West African Journal of Medicine. 2011; 30(5): 325-330.

Gezawa ID, Puepet FH, Mubi BM, Uloko AE, Bakki B, Yalle MA, et al. Socio-demographic and anthropometric risk factors for type 2 diabetes in Maiduguri North-Eastern Nigeria. Sahel Med. J. 2015; 18(5): 1-7.

Akinkugbe OO, Akinyanju OO. Non-communicable diseases in Nigeria: final report of a national survey. Lagos: Federal Ministry Of Health And Social Services. 1997: 12-41.

Chinenye S, Uloko AE, Ogbera AO, Ofoegbu EN, Fasanmade OA, Fasanmade AA, et al. Profile of Nigerians with diabetes mellitus–Diabcare Nigeria study group (2008): Results of a multicenter study. Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2012; 16(4): 558.

Ekpenyong CE, Akpan Up, Ibu JO, Nyebuk DE. Gender and age specific prevalence and associated risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus in Uyo Metropolis, South Eastern Nigeria. Diabetologia Croatica. 2012; 41: 17-23.

Ezeala-Adikaibe B, Mbadiwe N, Okwara C, Onodugo O, Onyekonwu C, Ijoma U, et al. Diabetes and Prediabetes among adults in an urban slum in South East. Nigeria Journal of Diabetes Mellitus. 2018; 8: 131-144.

Puepet FH, Uloko AT, Borodo MM, Sada KB. Prevalence and risk factors for diabetes mellitus in Nigeria: A systematic Review and meta-analysis. Nig Del Med J. 2020: 4(4): 13-23.

Du Vaure CB, Dechartres A, Battin C, Ravaud P, Boutron I. Exclusion of patients with concomitant chronic conditions in ongoing randomised controlled trials targeting 10 common chronic conditions and registered at ClinicalTrials. gov: a systematic review of registration details. BMJ Open. 2016; 6(9): e012265.

Dahiru T, Jibo A, Hassan AA, Mande AT. Prevalence of diabetes in a semi-urban community in Northern Nigerian. Niger. J. Med. 2008; 17(4): 414-6.

Isara AR, Okundia PO. The burden of hypertension and diabetes mellitus in rural communities in Southern Nigeria. Pan Afr. Med J. 2015; 20: 103.

Ejike C, Uka NK, Nwachukwu SO. Diabetes and pre-diabetes in adult Nigeria: Prevalence, and correlations of blood glucose concentrations with measures of obesity. Afr. J. Biochem Res. 2015: 9: 55-60.

Nwatu CB, Ofoegbu EN, Unachukwu CN, Young EE, Okafor CI, et al: Prevalence of pre-diabetes and associated risk factors in a rural Nigerian Community. Int. J. Diab. Dev. Ctries. 2015: 2015: 1-7.

Ohwovoridle AE, Kuti JA, Kabiawu SI. Casual blood glucose levels and prevalence of undiscovered diabetes mellitus in Lagos metropolis. Nigerians Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 1988: 4: 153-8.


How to Cite
Edeh, A. J., Eze, B. U., Ohayi, S. R., Anekpo, C. C., Okoloagu, N. N., Aliozo, C. C., & Soronnadi, C. N. (2022). Prevalence of Diabetes among Adults in Agbani South East, Nigeria: A Population Based Study. European Journal of Clinical Medicine, 3(4), 17–20.