Background: The Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity (NCGS) is a category inside the Gluten-Related Disorders (GRD) that groups the patients with unidentified mechanisms responsible for their symptoms.
Objective: To evaluate the opportunity of an ex vivo challenge immunoassay, the Leukocyte Adherence Inhibition Test (LAIT), to discriminate non—IgE-mediated gluten-specific immunoreactivity in patients with NCGS.
Methods: Ex vivo challenge tests performed with gluten latex extract, monitored by LAIT, were assayed in an asymptomatic control group of 30 individuals and a group of 52 patients with GRD not related to any identifiable immune mechanism (NCGS).
Results: The mean Leukocyte Adherence Inhibition (LAI) of the control group was 10.9%. The mean LAI of the NCGS patients’ group was 54.9%. The non-parametric Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney U test comparing the control group with the NCGS patient’s group showed significance with a p-value < 0.00001.
Conclusion: The LAIT is an ex vivo challenge test able to discriminate gluten-sensitive and gluten-tolerant individuals, suggesting the participation of an immune Non—IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reaction in patients with the clinical diagnosis of NCGS.
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